13 Jun
2021

Live Blog: SGA Meeting 11/3

first_imgFacebook Twitter CRES negotiates move to interdisciplinary unit amid student resistance Elizabeth Campbell Rep. Simard reads her bill about funding charging stations to House. printTonight’s House of Student Representative meeting is money centered as the House debates legislation to pay for new charging stations on campus, TCU Teddies and headsets for the Riff Ram Fam.Follow the debate live below. ReddIt ReddIt TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history + posts Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ WATCH: Former Chief of Staff for Obama talks Trump administration, Democrats, liberal arts education Alumna joins ‘Survivor’ reality show in quest for a million dollars Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ Linkedin Elizabeth Campbell is executive editor of TCU 360 and a senior journalism and political science double major. When not in the newsroom, she’s thinking about the news while probably watching TCU football or being a history nerd. Send her a tip if you have a story to share! Twitter Previous articleJROTC cadets work concessions at TCU football gamesNext articleTCU ranked No. 8 in first CFP Rankings Elizabeth Campbell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook The College of Science and Engineering Dean, Phil Hartman, retires after 40 consecutive years TCU Frog Camps returning to more traditional look this summer Linkedin Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ Breakdown: Cambridge Analytica, information warfarelast_img read more

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12 May
2021

Testing times

first_imgRelated posts:No related photos. Testing timesOn 1 Jan 2002 in Personnel Today Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Article TheUK guidelines for drug and alcohol testing are essential reading for anyoneinvolved in the testing process and should be used as a template for best practiceIt was the US which first grasped the need to introduce drugs testing in theworkplace. President Ronald Reagan issued Executive Order No. 12564 on 15September 1986 requiring drug testing to be undertaken by all federal employeesin safety and security positions The American Department of Health and Human Services published the firstguidelines on workplace drug testing in the Federal Register in April 1988, andunder SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)1 theseare regularly reviewed. US guidelines The US guidelines specify the drug groups that should be included in aprimary screen, the screening cut-off levels, acceptable methods ofconfirmation and concentrations together with a range of other issues relatingto the chain of custody specimen collections. These guidelines have been adopted by a number of countries prior todeveloping their own. Some of the standards that have since been developeddiffer in many respects from those in the US. For example, the Australian/NewZealand Standard2 minimum drug profile includes benzodiazepines but notphencyclidine (PCP) which is rarely encountered outside the USA, and secondly,gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and high performance liquidchromatography (HPLC) are acceptable as screening techniques as well as aconfirmation techniques. There are other differences not documented here. UK guidelines In 2000, the UK guidelines were developed by an expert group with wideexperience of workplace drug testing in this country. They represent anoverview of best practice for laboratories providing workplace drug testingservices within the UK. The guidelines are designed to ensure that the entiredrug testing process is conducted to give accurate and reliable informationabout a donor’s drug use. All laboratories that undertake legally defensible workplace drug testingwithin the UK should use the guidelines as a template for accreditation. TheUnited Kingdom Accreditation Service3 (UKAS) has been approached as the mostsuitable body to undertake this. The first set of guidelines focuses on the analysis of urine, which has longbeen accepted as the most useful specimen for drug testing. The UK guidelines have four main objectives: – To provide a minimum set of criteria for the providers of workplace drugtesting services within the UK – To ensure that the processes undertaken are capable of legal scrutiny – To provide safeguards to protect specimen donors – To define for laboratories common quality assurance and quality controlcriteria that are capable of being accredited by an external body. Within the guidelines, a number of key stages of the workplace drug testingprocess have been considered: Specimen collection Urine specimens for legally defensible drug testing need to be collectedunder circumstances that respect the dignity of the individual while ensuringthat the sample is fresh and has not been tampered with in any way. Theappendix of the UK guidelines contains an example of a typical protocol forurine collection. This provides advice on how to maintain the integrity of thespecimen by monitoring its temperature and making direct observations. An important aspect of specimen collection is gaining informed consent. Itasks donors to confirm their personal details and that the collection processhas been undertaken correctly. Laboratory analysis On receipt of a sample at the laboratory, initial checks are made on itschain of custody and appearance. If the sample passes these checks a portion istaken which goes through an initial screening test for the presence of drugs.Further testing of the validity of the sample may also take place at thisstage. If the screen results are negative no further analysis is undertaken.However, if they indicate the presence of a drug (above a predefined cut-offlevel) a confirmation test to prove or disprove its presence must be carriedout on another portion of the sample. Interpretation of results A positive result on analysis may be due to medication (prescribed orover-the-counter) or to a dietary cause. An essential part of the drug testingprocess is the final review of positive results. Interpretation is best carried out by a qualified medical practitioner, alsoknown as the medical review officer, who can consult with the laboratorytoxicologist, the donor and the donor’s GP. Quality assurance Drug testing laboratories must have a quality system that encompasses allaspects of the testing process such as sample receipt, chain of custody,security and reporting of results, and screening and confirmation testing. Quality assurance procedures must be designed, implemented and reviewed tomonitor the conduct of each step of the testing process. The standard set byISO 17025 must apply. The laboratory must be accredited for workplace drug testing by a recognisedexternal accreditation body, preferably UKAS, and must be working to standardsset by the UK guidelines. Additional guidelines are being developed to cover alcohol testing in arange of other biological samples, and drugs in oral fluids, hair and othersites. Methods have now been developed to assay drugs and alcohol in oral fluids,as well as in hair and the precise role of these alternative biologicalmatrices in drug testing is under investigation. Additional guidelines arebeing developed to cover these alternative biological samples. As of November 2001, it was agreed that the UK guidelines would form thebasis of the European guidelines. These latter guidelines would be a statementof common standards and principles, leaving each country free to adapt theappendices (cut-off levels, methodologies and so forth) for their ownrequirements and to meet national legislation. There is a proposal that these European guidelines4 could provide the basisfor a one-day workshop, to be held in autumn 2002. References 1. www.samhsa.gov2. http://www.standards.com.au3. www.ukas.com4. http://www.ewdts.orgOther relevant websites http://www.wdtforum.org.uk   http://www.tiaft.orgHelen Vangikar is consultant toxicologist at OmniLabs Limited last_img read more

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