27 Nov
2019

NEPAL-CONSTITUTION 2

first_imgPolice arrested two dozen protesters from Kathmandu Police arrested two dozen protesters from Kathmandu Metropolitan city and Pokhara Sub-metropolitan city for trying to enforce a strike to show protest against the Constitution. The police also rounded up six protesters from Lamjung. In Janakpurdham of Dhanusha district in southern Nepal, people have installed black flags in their houses in response to the call of the Joint Madhesi Front to protest against the promulgation of the Constitution. Nepali Congress, the oldest democratic party in the country, had passed a resolution in 1949 with an objective to launch revolution against the Rana regime and draft a Constitution through an elected body of the people after establishing democracy. After the success of the revolution of 1950 that overthrew the Rana regime, the then King Tribhuvan had announced that the country would have a new Constitution formed by an elected representative body. However, that could never be materialised since then. The Nepali Congress had launched Satyagraha in 1957 to exert pressure on then King Mahendra to declare election for the Constituent Assembly. However, after Mahendra turned down their demands and the then Nepali Congress president B P Koirala had to give up the agitation and accept the parliamentary election under the new Constitution drafted by experts at the initiative of the King. Nepali Congress emerged victorious in 1958 general elections and Koirala became the first elected Prime Minister with his party securing more than two third majority. However, the King then dismissed the elected government after 18 months in 1960, jailing top leaders and banning all political parties. After three decades long democratic struggle, multi-party democracy was restored in the country in 1990. The Maoist insurgency began in 1996 with the aim to toppling monarchy. However, later in 2005, the Maoists reached an understanding with the seven political parties to launch a joint struggle against monarchy. At that time the main demand of the Maoist party was election of the Constituent Assembly. The first Constituent Assembly election was held in April 2008 with the CPN- Maoist led by Prachanda emerging as the largest party and monarchy was abolished in May. However, the first CA failed to deliver a new constitution. The Second Constituent Assembly election was held in 2013 with the aim to drafting the constitution within a year. PTI SBP NSAadvertisementlast_img

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