18 Dec
2019

The Drinkable Book could save lives

first_imgThe Drinkable Book is an effort to provide clean drinking water to people who need it in developing countries. The pages can be torn out and used as a filter to remove bacteria from impure water. It has been tested in the lab and in the field in countries such as South Africa and Ghana. The pages of The Drinkable Book can clean impure water. The book contains instructions in English and local languages on its use. (Image: Brian Gartside, Page Drinking Paper)• Biogas backpack revolutionises cooking in Ethiopia• New push for careers in science and innovation• Maasai women lead solar revolution in Kenya• DNA detective work could end poaching• Girls encouraged to reach for the stars  Priya PitamberImagine if cleaning impure water was as simple as tearing a page out of a book and using it as a filter in a holder. Well, imagine no more: it’s become reality.After field trials, a book with pages that can be ripped out and used to filter drinking water, has proven successful. The Drinkable Book is a combination of usage instructions, treated paper, and helpful information on the importance of purifying water.“Its pages contain nanoparticles of silver or copper, which kill bacteria in the water as it passes through,” noted British news site, BBC.“In trials at 25 contaminated water sources in South Africa, Ghana and Bangladesh, the paper successfully removed more than 99% of bacteria.”These results were shown at the 250th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in Boston, US.How it worksThe pages of the Drinkable Book contain silver nanoparticles that are lethal to bacteria, which are killed as water passes through.“Silver has been used for disease prevention for many centuries,” explains the official Drinkable Book website. “Some of the pathogens transmitted through untreated water can lead to severe and life-threatening disease, such as typhoid, cholera, hepatitis, E. coli. Typically, the symptoms of waterborne disease are gastro-intestinal illness, diarrhea, and dehydration.”Developed by researcher Dr Theresa Dankovich at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, it was tested for several years while Dankovich worked at McGill University in Canada and then at the University of Virginia.“All you need to do is tear out a paper, put it in a simple filter holder and pour water into it from rivers, streams, wells etc and out comes clean water – and dead bacteria as well,” she told BBC news. “Ions come off the surface of the nanoparticles, and those are absorbed by the microbes.”The website says the book’s main benefits are that it is simple, cost-effective and portable. “The water treatment also leaves no off-taste to the clean water, unlike chlorine or iodine treatments.”Dankovich explained that the book was aimed at people living in developing communities. She told BBC news that 663 million people across the world did not have access to clean drinking water.Trials and successesThe development team headed by Dankovich first tested the pages of the book in a lab, by artificially contaminating water. Successful results led to field trials in developing countries which lasted over two years. In these tests, Dankovich worked with charities such as Water is Life.“Greater than 90% of the samples had basically no viable bacteria in them, after we filtered the water through the paper,” she told the BBC. “It’s really exciting to see that not only can this paper work in lab models, but it also has shown success with real water sources that people are using.”The paper was used in the most extreme circumstances. It was tested at a site where raw sewage was being dumped into the stream, and it decreased the levels of bacteria in the water.“But we were really impressed with the performance of the paper; it was able to kill the bacteria almost completely in those samples. And they were pretty gross to start with, so we thought – if it can do this, it can probably do a lot.”Practical use and recognitionAccording to The Drinkable Book’s website, it is estimated that one filter can be used to clean approximately 100 litres of water, which means a single book could filter a single person’s water supply for up to four years.The book has been recognised by the 2015 Innovation By Design Awards. Out of 1 500 projects for nominations from around the globe across all the categories, The Drinkable Book won the overall prize in the health category.The Voss Foundation, an organisation that works for access to clean water, notes there are many benefits to communities as a whole if clean water is available. Using clean water has a wide range of benefits for communities as a whole. Click on the image for a larger view. (Image: Voss Foundation)last_img read more

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1 Dec
2019

Rajasthan HC seeks to dispense with ‘My Lord’

first_imgIn a first for any High Court, the Rajasthan High Court has asked lawyers to abandon the colonial practice of addressing its judges as ‘My Lord’ or ‘Your Lordship’, saying they are comfortable with simply being called ‘Sir’.The High Court took the decision to dispense with the archaic address for its judges on Sunday in a full court meeting of all its judges from its two benches in Jodhpur and Jaipur.Unanimous decisionTo honour the mandate of equality enshrined in the Constitution of India, the Full Court, in its meeting dated July 14, 2019, has unanimously resolved to request the counsel and those, who appear before the court, to desist from addressing Honourable judges as ‘My Lord’ or ‘Your Lordship’, said a notification issued on Monday by the Registrar General of the High Court.The notification requested lawyers and litigants to address judges simply as “Sir” or “Srimanji”.The resolution to abandon the practice of judges being addressed as ‘My Lord’ was passed in the first Full Court meeting chaired by new Chief Justice S. Ravindra Bhatt.  More than a decade ago, the Supreme Court too had ruled that addressing judges as ‘My Lord’ or ‘Your Lordship’ was not mandatory and that the judges could simply be addressed as ‘Sir’ as a mark of respect to them.Following a lively debate between the bench and the bar over 15 years ago as to whether lawyers should abandon the colonial form of address like ‘My Lord’, judges had opined that they were comfortable with being called ‘Sir’.As a culmination of this debate, the Bar Council of India had passed a resolution in April 2006, doing away with the practice of addressing judges as ‘My Lord’ or ‘Your Lordship’.The council had notified a new rule, calling upon lawyers to address judges in the Supreme Court and High Courts as ‘Your Honour’ or ‘Hon’ble Court’ or plainly as ‘Sir’.But it is for the first time that any High Court has taken a decision and passed a resolution, advising lawyers to abandon colonial practice of addressing higher courts’ judges as ‘My Lord’.In fact, the use of archaic and colonial terms and expression characterises the language of the lawsuits and petitions to court as well. For example, any petition filed in the apex court or High Courts opens with words like: “The applicant most humbly showeth that…”The Rajasthan High Court Advocates’ Association president Ranjeet Joshi has hailed the resolution.last_img read more

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7 Nov
2019

Victorian Women’s Team To Play In Storm Half-Time Exhibition

first_imgThe Victorian Women’s Open team will take to the field at AAMI Park in Melbourne on Monday night to play an exhibition match during the half-time break of the Melbourne Storm versus Cronulla Sharks NRL game.The half-time game is part of the Touch Football Victoria (TFV) Women in Sport program and will be a great way to showcase the talent of the 2012 Victorian National Touch League (NTL) Women’s Open team in front of thousands of Rugby League fans. The top grassroots players from the local Fawkner Park competition will take on the Victorian Women’s Open team in the match, while Victoria’s first Australian Open representative, Leah Percy, will be interviewed and highlights of her performance at the 2012 Trans Tasman Series will also be played on the big screen. Stay tuned to www.austouch.com.au to find out how the game on Monday night went. For more information about Monday’s game, please visit www.victouch.com.au. Related LinksStorm Exhibition Gamelast_img read more

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28 Oct
2019

a month agoChelsea boss Lampard welcomes Klopp’s BVB comparison

first_imgChelsea boss Lampard welcomes Klopp’s BVB comparisonby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea boss Frank Lampard has welcomed praise from Jurgen Klopp ahead of Liverpool’s visit on Sunday.The German likened them to the youthful Borussia Dortmund side he developed.“I just respect him hugely. It was a nice thing for me going up against him in the Super Cup because I’ve got a huge respect,” said Lampard.“I love the way he’s come into that club, his charisma but not just that, professionally how he went in there and has his way and doesn’t mess about and quite rightly he’s got the success he deserves for how he works.“So I’ll take words from him as a fantastic and experienced coach about my players and what they’re doing and hopefully working in the right way, and be happy with that.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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